Repairing Windows® XP Files
Guidelines for repairing Windows® XP files.
File management is one of the major functions of an operating system. All data in the computer is kept in different files. Damage to any user or system files can cause the loss of user and system data, respectively. Almost all files are kept in folders. So, you must be careful about the way to access and manage the folders. A file manager provides you with an interface to work with the file system. The file manager is always under the control of the operating system. The operating system provides authentications for users to access user and application files. The content in the files can be as simple as text and pictures.
All types of file content are stored as a combination of zeros and ones. Any damage that occurs in a file will change the zeros into ones and ones into zeros. If any defects occur in the content of a file, it is difficult to find the corrupted areas, which results in many problems while removing the errors. If there is a missing content in a binary file, the operating system compares the actual size of the file with the size indicated in the header to check validity of the file. This is referred to as integrity checking and is done using an algorithm named CRC (Cyclical Redundancy Check). The file might get corrupted due to a computer virus infecting the system.
There are some steps for repairing the corrupt files in Windows® XP. These steps include:
- Using System File Checker
- Using Windows® XP Installation CD
- Using the File Undelete software
Using System File Checker
Windows® XP might have issues like missing DLL files or programs that are unable to load. This might be due to some missing Windows® XP system file. You need to select ‘Run’ from the ‘Start’ menu and type ‘sfc/scannow’. This action will check all the Windows® XP system files in order to find whether there are any files to be edited or modified. If it finds a file to be edited or modified, then System File Checker will replace it with its backup copy. If this checker is not able to find the file, then you need to copy it from your Windows® XP CD.
Using Windows® XP Installation CD
If your PC begins to perform poorly, then you need to repair the Windows® XP operating system files. First, you need to insert the installation CD and restart your computer and then start the boot procedure. Then, do the installation procedure step by step. By following all the steps, you can replace the corrupted file and thus improve your system’s performance. During the installation procedure, press ‘R’ to repair all corrupted files.
The File Undelete software restores all the deleted files in Windows® XP. Also, you can restore the files which were removed from the Recycle Bin. It supports NTFS1.0, NTFS2.0, FAT32, FAT16, and FAT12 file systems. Then, the recovered files are saved to a new user-selected location, to prevent overwriting or deletion.